GOA is the smallest state under the Indian Territory which was under the Portuguese rule which lasted for around 450 years even earlier than the British rule over India. The location of Goa near the Arabian Sea was favorable for the Portuguese to establish prosperous trade links in Asia. Goa was famous for its richness in spice plantations and exotic spices. The Portuguese after taking over Goa started exporting spices to other countries in North and South East Asia.
Besides, Goa had a few natural harbors along its sea line which made it possible for the ships to be docked here.
Goa is located in the Konkan coastal belt on the western coast of the Indian Peninsula. Goa is bordered by Maharashtra in the North, Karnataka in the south and the Western Ghats in the East and the Arabian Sea on the west. Its exact position is between latitudes 15°48'00" to 14°53'54" North and longitudes 74° 20'13" to 73° 40'33" East. The capital of the 25th state of India is Panjim or Panaji. The whole of Goa can be divided into two halves. The North Goa which includes Panjim, Fort Aguada, Chapora, Vagator and the beaches of Anjuna, Baga, and Calangute. The South Goa includes Bogmalo, Vasco Da Gama, Margao, Colva, and Benaulim.
Goa is often considered as the land of celebrations due to its fun life and parties that make up the reputation of Goa as one of the most happening and one of the best tourist sites in India. Its Portuguese connections while being present under India makes it rich in cultural diversity, architectures, and place of worship. It is the smallest and the 25th addition to the states in India and the fourth least populated state in the country. Due to its location near the Arabian Sea, Goa is not only hot but also very humid. May is one of the hottest months in Goa, which is also humid. Goa feels like a blessing during the month of June, when the monsoon generally starts, causing a great relieve from hotness. It has a short winter season which generally starts from mid-December and usually lasts till late February. The popularity of Goa lies behind its beautiful beaches, resorts, and parties that usually offer the best times of your Life.
The coastal state of Goa has a blend of both Indian as well as Portuguese cultures which is evident in their cuisines, spirituality, food habits and the architecture heritages spread throughout Goa.
Everyone knows Goa is rich with unending beaches, varieties of cultural events, shopping destinations, splendid architectural sites, beautiful palm trees and forests, coconut trees, paddy fields, and cultural museums. There are various reasons that make Goa a happening destination in the whole of India that is globally popular.
The Arvalem caves are hidden caves which were once a secret place in Goa. It was recently discovered and exists around 9 kilometers south to the Bicholim town. These laterite rock-cut caves were believed to be a home to the prehistoric living forms in Goa. Goa is very well known for churches depicting different architectural styles. Goa also has strong evidence to prove a rich Buddhist history that must have prevailed in Goa. A hidden cave in Goa known as Rivona cave has been carved in Buddhist style and is also said to be a place where a Buddhist monk used to stay. The cave has a stone carving depicting Mahayana Sect of Buddhism.
The culture of Goa is a perfect blend of foreign settlements like Portuguese and has seen several armies along the cost of Goa who might have reached Goa in order to gain access to the rich spices and the natural harbors of Goa that made traveling to other parts of the continents very easy.
The sea near Goa and the seabed has a plethora of shipwrecks that have no valid information. In 1943 three German ships and one Italian ship had sunk into the Sea near Goa. The underground flora and fauna and numerous shipwrecks can be found below the Grande Island that can be seen by scuba divers here.
Goa has a reputation of being a place where some people visit to have a closed session to nature along with certain spiritual activities like yoga sessions, Tai chi sessions, Reiki healing courses, meditation courses and other ways of spiritual awakening and explorations that are practiced freely throughout Goa. A spiritual and a free mind are sometimes what makes your life beautiful and if you are visiting Goa, be present for any of these sessions, which can prove to be life changing.
As Goa is known for various items like coconuts, bananas, mangoes, and spices that were some main reason for the interest of the Portuguese in Goa.
Ponda is a located in the central Goa and has a variety of privately owned spice plantations and is a rich source of spices found in Goa. Ponda has a vast forest, villages, and tiny temples along with its vintage spice plantations. There are hundreds of acres filled with plantations like cloves, bay leaves, beetle nuts, cardamom, genuine pepper and other cultivation of different spices. The place is the key ingredient and the place where most of the spices are produced, that gives the spicy twist to the food in Goa.
Goa has a peculiar history and influence. When the whole of India was under the British rule, Goa stands out in India for its Portuguese colonial architecture, influence, and heritage. The Portuguese had arrived in Goa in the year 1510, lured by the gift of lucrative spice that it planned on exporting back to the west.
Goa has a remarkable blend of cultures co existing here which is evident in the states architecture designs, crumbling forts, and ruins, whitewashed churches, still evident catholic ceremonies, stunning old cathedrals as well as the cuisine which brings out the flavors with a blend of Portuguese style mixed with spices of Goa. The reservoir of cultures in Goa makes it a unique cultural hotspot inside India.
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